01 Sep 2014
Buenos Aires Attorneys
Why should I have a lawyer?
Above all, lawyers are trained legal professionals who can explain the laws to you; help you evaluate your options; negotiate or mediate conflicts with other people; prepare letters, court forms or other legal documents for you; and represent you in court. Many lawyers offer a free (or minimal fee) initial consultation.
How do I choose a lawyer?
Word of mouth. Talk to your friends or relatives about a lawyer they may have used and who they can recommend.
There are many misconceptions and stereotypes about lawyers and what attorneys do. If you become involved in a legal dispute and need to hire a lawyer, you should be sure you are educated about what attorneys really do. Read on for the top 10 facts about attorneys that you may not know.
Not all attorneys go to court
While the popular media is bombarded with images of attorneys in courtrooms, not all attorneys actually appear before judges. Some attorneys – called transactional attorneys – work behind the scenes, writing contracts and doing other legal work that doesn’t even involve going to court.
Attorneys are officers of the court
When an attorney graduates from law school, he is not yet licensed to practice law. He first must pass the bar exam and then be sworn in as an officer of the court to uphold the duties of that office.
Lawyers have to pass a moral character test
Regardless of the lawyer jokes you may here, lawyers are – as a whole – very honest and moral people. In fact, they have to be… when an attorney takes the bar exam in most states, he must undergo a moral character and background check before he is eligible to do so.
Lawyers have their own code of ethics
Called the Model Rules of Professional Conduct, attorneys are bound to abide by ethical rules designed to ensure the protection of clients.
Your lawyer cannot disclose what you tell him – even if you confess to a crime
Attorney-client privilege is designed to ensure that you are candid with your lawyer. Under most circumstances, your lawyer cannot tell anyone – a judge, the police, a jury or your family members – what you tell him in confidence.
Privilege isn’t absolute.
Although lawyers can’t tell anyone what you have told them in the vast majority of circumstances, there are a few very limited exceptions. If, for example, you tell an attorney about your intent to cause someone else immediate harm and your attorney believes you seriously intend to commit that harm, the attorney has an obligation to disclose what you are planning and try to stop you.
Some lawyers will work on a contingency basis
Certain types of attorneys – mainly in the personal injury and torts fields – will agree to work and get paid only if you win. In fact, a contingency fee arrangement allows you to sue when someone hurts you. Even if you don’t have the money to pay upfront.
Lawyers play an important role in defending the US Constitution
If an unconstitutional law is passed, the Supreme Court can only declare it as such if there is a court case before it. For instance, if a plaintiff has been wronged by the unconstitutional law, the constitutional lawyer should make sure the Supreme Court evaluates a law for fairness and constitutionality.
Lawyers owe their clients the highest duty of loyalty
This duty is a fiduciary duty. Indeed, it means that a lawyer should not allow his or any other party’s interests to interfere with his representation of his client.
A lawyer cannot represent multiple clients whose interests conflict – even in different cases
For example, suppose that you sue Company A and then Company A sues Company B. In that case, your lawyer cannot represent Company A in that second lawsuit. Even though you aren’t involved, it is not possible because that would be a conflict of interest.